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171111TRASHenvf
Intermediate Instant Lesson™

Bags To Boats

Pre-Reading Activities

A: Discussion
Discuss the following questions in small groups:
1. How do you carry groceries home from the supermarket?
2. How often do you use plastic bags? When do you use them? Has your attitude to using them changed in the last five years? Why or why not?

Reading Activities

A: Comprehension
Find the answers to these questions in Part One of today's article.
1. What place is this article about?
2. From where did people remove trash?
3. How much trash did they pick up?
4. What did Ben Morrison begin planning?
5. What material is normally used for this kind of design? 
6. What problem do people have now when they try to build it from this material?

Part One:
Kenya craftsmen to build
boat out of plastic waste
LAMU, Kenya, November 11 - (Reuters) - The beaches of Kenya’s idyllic Lamu island are dotted with traditional Swahili stone and coral houses, mansions built by European royalty, the odd donkey and, increasingly, tidal lines of plastic trash.

When a resident organized a beach clean-up that collected 33 tons of rubbish in a single summer, British-Ethiopian safari organizer Ben Morrison decided he couldn’t stand by while his beloved island was ruined.

So the tall, bearded 42-year-old decided to try to design a traditional dhow, or sailing boat, from recycled plastic, offering a market to recyclers and persuading locals to conserve shrinking woodland.

“It is getting harder and harder for boat builders to find wood. I hope that this project will allow the ancient skills of boat building to live on, by shifting from ever-scarce wood to plastic,” Morrison told Reuters. (Continued.../)
Article © 2017 Thomson Reuters Lesson © 2017 www.english-to-go.com

B: Working With Words
Look at these words from Part One of today's article. (They are also shown in bold type in the article.) Match them with their meanings. Think about what it means in the article.
Words Meanings
1. idyllic 
2. traditional
3.
mansion
4. resident
5. stand by
6. woodland
7. shifting
8. scarce
  a. large impressive house
b not enough
c. changing
d. happy, peaceful and unspoiled
e. be present when something bad is happening but do nothing to stop it
f. done in a particular way by a group of people over a long period of time
g. covered with trees and bushes
h. someone who lives in a particular place


C: Jigsaw Reading
Your teacher will give you either Part Two or Part Three of today's article. Part Two is about plastic pollution, Part Three is about Ben Morrison.
Read your part of the article. Answer the questions for it.


D: Sharing Information - Completing A Table
Work with someone who read the other part of the article. Share information to complete this table together.
Kind of plastic Morrison is building his boat with:  
Where he gets the plastic from:  
Difficulties that he has with this kind of plastic:  
Number of plastic bags allowed in Kenya:  
Punishments for breaking plastic bag laws:  
Aim for Morrison's boat:  
Aim for Kenya and plastic bottles:  
How Kenya hopes to achieve aim:  
What Lamu Island used to be like:  
Who is affected by the plastic on Lamu:  
What others think of Morrison's idea:  




Post-Reading Activities

A: Language
Sometimes we use two nouns together to mean one thing or person etc. The first noun acts like an adjective - it describes the thing or person. For example: plastic bags, litter stream.
Sometimes the words are written separately e.g. olive oil, sometimes they are written as one word e.g. spacecraft and sometimes there is a hyphen e.g. clothes-line. Some can be written more than one way.
The difference is not important for students learning English and there are no clear rules to tell you when this happens, so you must simply try to remember them. Use your dictionary to help you learn them.
What do we call these things and people? Use the structure noun + noun.

1. Your place of birth. __________
2. An ache in your back. __________
3. A cake made for a wedding. __________
4. A program heard on the radio. ___________
5. An article written for a newspaper. _________
6. A room where a court (of law) is held. __________
7. A coat people wear in the rain. __________
8. A card used to buy things on credit. __________



B: Extra Reading
Read today's article again.

Kenya craftsmen to build
boat out of plastic waste
LAMU, Kenya, November 11 - (Reuters) - The beaches of Kenya’s idyllic Lamu island are dotted with traditional Swahili stone and coral houses, mansions built by European royalty, the odd donkey and, increasingly, tidal lines of plastic trash.

When a resident organized a beach clean-up that collected 33 tons of rubbish in a single summer, British-Ethiopian safari organizer Ben Morrison decided he couldn’t stand by while his beloved island was ruined.

So the tall, bearded 42-year-old decided to try to design a traditional dhow, or sailing boat, from recycled plastic, offering a market to recyclers and persuading locals to conserve shrinking woodland.

“It is getting harder and harder for boat builders to find wood. I hope that this project will allow the ancient skills of boat building to live on, by shifting from ever-scarce wood to plastic,” Morrison told Reuters.

Plastic pollution is a growing global problem, with patches of sea larger than some countries covered in plastic soup that strangles or poisons wildlife. The U.N. says by 2050, there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish unless drastic action is taken.

In August, Kenya introduced one of the world’s toughest bans on plastic bags mandating four years in prison or a fine of $40,000 for even using one.

The East African country is now contemplating measures to control plastic bottles, said John Konchellah, chairman of the National Environment Management Authority.

“We want to see plastic bottles out of circulation,” he told Reuters. “We want to borrow some technology from the region like PETCO in South Africa, where major manufacturers came together with a body that recycles plastic bottles.”

Petco is a company formed by the South African plastics industry to recycle some types of plastic.

Morrison, working with eight expert Kenyan boat builders, is using plastic planks from the fledgling local recycling industry to build his boat, which he hopes to sail to Cape Town in South Africa.

“We struggle to produce a consistent material out of the recycled plastic,” he said. “It’s not easy. Sometimes we receive plastic planks from the factory that are full of air bubbles. We can’t build with them and so we have to start from the beginning again.”

Ali Skanda, a 44-year-old master boat builder, said in his childhood there was no litter on Lamu’s sandy golden beaches - just fishermen, dhows and donkeys. Now many donkeys are dying from eating plastic, he said - and so are turtles, cows and other animals.

“At the beginning I thought it was a crazy idea. How could I build a boat out of plastic?” he asked. “Some people have been asking what we can do about this problem. There is so much plastic scattered. This is something we can do.”
Article © 2017 Thomson Reuters Lesson © 2017 www.english-to-go.com



TEACHERS' NOTES AND ANSWER KEY

Please Note: This lesson also has another language exercise looking at compound nouns for your students to do online at www.instantworkbook.com. You can get a username and password for your students by clicking on the blue icon next to this lesson description at www.english-to-go.com.

Reading Activities

A: Comprehension - Answers
1. Lamu Island, Kenya, 2. the beaches of the Island, 3. 33 tons, 4. a traditional dhow or sailing boat made from recycled plastic, 5. wood, 6. It is getting very hard to find wood.

B: Working With Words - Answers
1. d, 2. f, 3. a, 4. h, 5. e, 6. g, 7. c, 8. b.

C: Jigsaw Reading -  Notes
Make copies of the texts below. Divide the class into two groups.  Give one group Part Two of the article, the other Part Three. Students work in their groups to find and answer the questions.   They then continue directly to the next activity where they pair with someone who read the other article and complete a table of information together.


C: Jigsaw Reading - Texts To Be Copied And Given To Students

Questions For Part Two:
1. What is plastic soup? What does it do to creatures in the sea?
2. What do the United Nations believe will happen within the next thirty-five years?
3. What is the punishment for using plastic bags in Kenya?
4. What is Kenya thinking about?
5. From whom do they hope to get ideas from? What does this business do?

Part Two:
(Continued.../) Plastic pollution is a growing global problem, with patches of sea larger than some countries covered in plastic soup that strangles or poisons wildlife.

The U.N. says by 2050, there will be more plastic in the ocean than fish unless drastic action is taken.

In August, Kenya introduced one of the world’s toughest bans on plastic bags mandating four years in prison or a fine of $40,000 for even using one.

The East African country is now contemplating measures to control plastic bottles, said John Konchellah, chairman of the National Environment Management Authority.

“We want to see plastic bottles out of circulation,” he told Reuters. “We want to borrow some technology from the region like PETCO in South Africa, where major manufacturers came together with a body that recycles plastic bottles.”

Petco is a company formed by the South African plastics industry to recycle some types of plastic.(Continued.../)
Article © 2017 Thomson Reuters Lesson © 2017 www.english-to-go.com

Questions For Part Three:
1. What is Morrison building his boat with? Where does he get this from?
2. Where does he hope to take the boat from Kenya?
3. What problem has he had?
4. What was Lamu Island like in the past? How are animals on the island affected by the plastic?
5. What does Skanda think of Morrison's idea?

Part Three:
(Continued.../) Morrison, working with eight expert Kenyan boat builders, is using plastic planks from the fledgling local recycling industry to build his boat, which he hopes to sail to Cape Town in South Africa.

“We struggle to produce a consistent material out of the recycled plastic,” he said. “It’s not easy. Sometimes we receive plastic planks from the factory that are full of air bubbles. We can’t build with them and so we have to start from the beginning again.”
Ali Skanda, a 44-year-old master boat builder, said in his childhood there was no litter on Lamu’s sandy golden beaches - just fishermen, dhows and donkeys. Now many donkeys are dying from eating plastic, he said - and so are turtles, cows and other animals.

“At the beginning I thought it was a crazy idea. How could I build a boat out of plastic?” he asked. “Some people have been asking what we can do about this problem. There is so much plastic scattered. This is something we can do.”
Article © 2017 Thomson Reuters Lesson © 2017 www.english-to-go.com

C: Jigsaw Reading - Answers
Part Two
1. extremely large patches of the sea covered in plastic; It strangles or poisons wildlife.
2. There will be more plastic in the ocean than fish.
3. four years in prison or a $40,000 fine
4. introducing measures to control plastic bottles and remove them from circulation
5. PETCO, an organization that recycles plastic bottles

Part Three
1. plastic planks made from recycled plastic obtained from a local plastic recycling factory
2. Cape Town, South Africa
3. To produce a consistent material. Some of the planks are full of air bubbles and can't be used.
4. There was no trash on the beaches. They are dying from eating plastic.
5. He thought it was crazy but now he realizes this is something that they can do with the excess plastic.

D
: Sharing Information - Notes
Students now work in pairs to complete a table of information taken from Parts Two and Three of the article.

D: Sharing Information - Completing A Table - Sample Answers
Kind of plastic Morrison is building his boat with: recycled plastic planks
Where he gets the plastic from: a local plastic recycling factory
Difficulties that he has with this kind of plastic: a lot of the planks have air bubbles so can't be used
Number of plastic bags allowed in Kenya: 0
Punishments for breaking plastic bag laws: 4 years in prison, a fine of $40,000 for using a plastic bag
Aim for Morrison's boat: to sail it to Cape Town, South Africa
Aim for Kenya and plastic bottles: to stop using them
How Kenya hopes to achieve aim: by borrowing technology from companies that recycle plastic bottles like PETCO
What Lamu Island used to be like: there wasn't any plastic waste
Who is affected by the plastic on Lamu: animals (like donkeys and cows), they die from eating it
What others think of Morrison's idea: one person said he thought it was a good way to deal with the plastic problem

Post-Reading Activities

A: Language - Notes
You may find some dictionaries give different forms for the words.

A: Language - Answers
1. your birthplace (birth-place)
2. a backache
3. a wedding cake
4. a radio program
5. a newspaper article
6. a courtroom (court-room)
7. a raincoat (rain-coat)
8. a credit card

Please Note: Your students will also enjoy this other lesson looking at another recycling problem: the on-line self access lesson, 'Fridge mountains: Waste disposal and recycling' found at http://www.selfaccess.com.

171111TRASHenvf


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