ETG logo

180509BACKeduf

Elementary Instant Lesson™

Late Learner

Pre-Reading Activities

A: Picture / Discussion
Look at the picture about today's articles and answer the questions.
      1. What can you see in this picture? Is there anything strange about it?
    2. How old do you think the man is?
    3. What do men of this age usually do in your country? What do women of this age usually do?
    4. What age do children begin school in your country?
    5. What age do children finish school in your country?
    Photo credit: Wp.com
B: Vocabulary and Discussion
Below are some words from today's articles. Match each word with its correct meaning.
    1. If you drop out of school, college or university, it means ......
    2. A certificate is  .......
    3. An exam is another word for ........
    4. When you pass an exam it means ......
    5. If you respect a person, it means .......
    6. School uniforms are .....
               a. a test
               b. you stop going to school and do not finish your course.
               c. a piece of paper which says that something is true.
               d. you think they are good.
               e. you have done well enough in the exam.
               f. clothes that children wear to a school. The clothes are the same color and style.

Now answer these questions:
    1. People sometimes have to drop out of school before they have finished studying. Why do they do this?
    2. In your country, can people go back to school later (when they are adults) if they want to?

    

C: Gapfill
Read the sentences below and fill in the gaps with the correct words.

certificate,   dropped out of,   respect,   exam,  school uniform,  passed

John thought  school was boring and he didn't like his ugly 1., so he 2. school when he was 15 years old. When he was 30 years old he decided he wanted to go back and study again.

He went to a local college and started studying for an 3.. He was so happy when he 4. and received a 5.. I really 6. John for going back to school again.

Lesson © 2018 www.english-to-go.com


Reading Activities

A: Reading For The Main Idea
A: Read Part One of Article One. Answer the questions.
1. How old are the people?
2. What country are they from?
3. What are they doing?
4. What are they wearing?

Article One - Part One:
Back to school for Thailand's elderly
May 9, BANGKOK (Reuters) - A group of 60-year-old Thai people are getting on a bus.
They are wearing red and white school uniforms. They are going to a school in Ayutthaya, a province in Thailand. (Continued...)
Article © 2018 Thompson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2018 www.english-to-go.com

B: Choosing The Best Answer
Half of you (Student A) will read Part Two of Article One. Half of you (Student B) will read Part Three. Read your part of the article and answer the questions.


Student A - Questions and Article

1. What is this part of the article about?   2. Why do many elderly people go to school?
  a.
b.
c.
Old people in Thailand.
Two old people who go to school.
Children and school in Thailand.
    a.
b.
c.
Because they are lonely.
Because they want to get certificates.
Because they did not like school when they were young.
3. How many elderly Thai people (65 and over) are there?   4. Where are younger people living?
  a.
b.
c.
7.5 million
17 million
200 million
    a.
b.
c.
In the countryside.
In cities.
The article does not say.
5. How often do the old people go to school?    
  a.
b.
c.
Every day.
Once a week.
Once a month.
       

Article One - Part Two
:
Back to school for Thailand's elderly
(Continued...) School helps these elderly people fight  loneliness. In Thailand more elderly people are living alone.

Thailand has 7.5 million people of 65 and over. This number will increase to 17 million by 2010, 25% of the population.

Traditionally, elderly Thais lived at home with their families and their children took care of them. But many young people are leaving the countryside to work in the cities.

Schools like the one in Ayutthaya, 80 km (49.71 miles) north of Bangkok, have weekly classes for three months. This is the government’s way of offering older people relief from the stresses of living alone. (Continued...)
Article © 2018 Thompson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2018 www.english-to-go.com

Student B - Questions and Article

1. What is this part of the article about?   2. Why does Somjit Teeraroj like Wednesdays?
  a.
b.
c.
Old people in Thailand.
Two old people who go to school.
Children and school in Thailand.
    a.
b.
c.
Because she talks and laughs with her friends at school.
Because she likes going in buses.
Because she can stay home from school.
3. What helped Somjit feel better after her husband died?   4. How will Choochart Supkerd feel when school finishes?
  a.
b.
c.
Her family's love
Exercise
Going to school
    a.
b.
c.
Lonely sometimes
Proud
Lonely sometimes and proud.
5. How often do the old people go to school?    
  a.
b.
c.
Every day.
Once a week.
Once a month.
       

Article One - Part Three
:
Back to school for Thailand's elderly
(Continued...) “I've been looking forward to every Wednesday, when I go to school, dress up as a school student and meet friends. We get to talk and laugh together,” said Somjit Teeraroj, a 77-year-old widow who is a student at the school for the elderly in Ayutthaya's Chiang Rak Noi subdistrict.

Somjit was married for 40 years. When her husband died, it was the school that helped her recover.
“I will probably go back to feeling lonely sometimes but I'm also proud of this, of gaining some knowledge in class,” said 63-year-old Choochart Supkerd. He was posing for a picture with the class of 2018 in his red graduation gown and a flower crown.

Schools like the one in Ayutthaya, 80 km (49.71 miles) north of Bangkok, have weekly classes for three months. This is the government’s way of offering older people relief from the stresses of living alone.
Article © 2018 Thompson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2018 www.english-to-go.com

C: Sharing Information  
Work in pairs with someone who read the other part of the article. In your pair, answer these questions.
1. Why do older people go to school in Thailand?
2. What is happening to the number of elderly people in Thailand?
3. How do the students of Ayutthaya's school feel about school?
4. What happened to Somjit Teeraroj after her husband died?
5. Why do older people in Thailand sometimes feel lonely?
6. Who pays for the school?

D: Sequencing
i. Below is the first sentence in Article Two. However, the words are not in the correct order. Read it and put the lines into the correct order.

        ____ exam at the age of 75, state radio in the

        ____ out of school in 1940

        ____ has passed his primary school

        ____ Central African country reported on Thursday.

        ____ A Cameroonian man who dropped

ii. Answer the questions.
a. When did the Cameroonian man drop out of school?
b. The man has just passed his primary school exam. How old is he?

E: Questions
Read the first and second paragraphs of Article Two and answer the questions.
    1. Where does the man come from?
    2. How old is he?
    3. When did he drop out of school?
    4. What has the man passed?
    5. Why did the man want to pass the exam?
    6. When do children start school in Cameroon?
    7. When do they normally get the certificate?
    8. Why did the man not take the exam while he was at primary school?

Article Two:

Man Passes Primary School Exam at 75

YAOUNDE Friday July 6 (Reuters) - A Cameroonian man who dropped out of school in 1940 has passed his primary school exam at the age of 75, state radio in the Central African country reported. 

I wanted to "pass this exam so that I can command more respect from the village council," the man said.

Children start school between the ages of four and six in Cameroon. They normally get the certificate after about seven years of study.

The report did not say why he did not take the exam while he was still at school. (Continued.../)

Article © Thompson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2018 www.english-to-go.com


F: Writing
Look at the sentence prompts below.

(The first sentence is done for you as an example.)

75-year-old / man / come / Cameroon / he / drop out of / school / 1940 / man / pass / his / primary school exam / so / that / he / can / get / more / respect / village council / children / start / school / between / ages / four / and/ six / Cameroon / they / normally / get / certificate / after / 7 / years / study

Example: The 75-year-old man comes from Cameroon.


Post-Reading Activities
You may do one or more of these.

A: Language Focus
1. Read the article again (in Reading Activity E) and underline all the verbs.
Now put them in the correct place in this table. (One has been done for you as an example.)

Past Simple
Present Simple
Present Perfect
dropped   

 



2. Compare your list with your partner. Why are the verbs in these tenses?

B: Discussion
How does the education system work in your country?
1. On the time line below write in when children go to school, when they change schools, when they have important exams etc.
Here are some words to help you:
kindergarten / nursery school  primary / elementary school
junior high school / intermediate school
high school / senior high school / college
2. Now find a partner (from another country if possible) and show your time line to them.
3. Talk about the differences between your timelines.

C: Extra Reading
Here is the last part of Article Two.
1. With the help of the word list below read it and do not use a dictionary.
2. Read it again and use your dictionary if you need help.

Man Passes Primary School Exam at 75

(Continued.../) Atangana, a pupil of the Catholic Literacy Center, said he hoped his perseverance would help him find peace with God.

"You know, at 75, my days in this world are numbered. That is why I wanted to learn how to read and write so that I can read and understand the Bible, the word of God.

In these old days I want to reconcile myself with God," he said.

Words: perseverance - trying for a long time to do something
someone's days are numbered - someone will die soon
reconcile - to make friends again with someone

Article © Thompson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2018 www.english-to-go.com
   


TEACHERS' NOTES AND ANSWER KEY

Pre-Reading Activities

Please note: This lesson also has accompanying online activities for you students to do on online. Click the blue icon next to this lesson description on English-to-go to be able to set up a username and password.
This lesson can also be used in conjunction with: A Retiring Student - A Pre Intermediate lesson and an Elementary Instant Lesson - Never too old to learn.

A: Picture / Discussion - Notes
You could do this activity as a classroom discussion or a group discussion.
Students are presented with this picture of an elderly man (perhaps aged around 70 upwards) who is in a classroom studying. First students try to describe what they see. They are then asked if there is anything strange about the picture. The answer you might expect is that it is unusual to see an elderly man sitting as a student in a school classroom (although some students may try to explain it by saying that the person is in some adult education class.)
Students are then asked to talk about their own countries. They talk about the ages that children begin and graduate from school in their countries.


B: Vocabulary and Discussion - Answers and Suggested Answers
1. b; 2. c; 3. a; 4. e; 5. d, 6. f.
Questions - Possible Answers
Answers will vary depending on the country.
1. The answer might be that children have to leave school early because they must find a job or work in a family business to help their families. It may be that the family can't afford to pay for the child's education. Other reasons could be that the child is seriously ill or has experienced some trauma which means they can't go to school. (Obviously in this kind of case the child may continue to study at home.)
2. In some countries there is an age after which school is no longer compulsory, and sometimes students make an independent decision to leave school, before completing a qualification, because they are bored and disillusioned.

C: Gapfill - Answers
1. school uniform, 2. dropped out of, 3. exam, 4.passed, 5. certificate, 6. respect.

Reading Activities

A: Reading For The Main Idea - Answers
1. 60, 2. Thailand, 3. going to school, 4. red and white uniforms

B: Choosing The Best Answer - Answers
Student A: 1.Old people in Thailand, 2. Because they are lonely, 3. 7.5 million, 4.In cities, 5.Once a week.
Student B: 1. Two old people who go to school, 2. Because she talks and laughs with her friends at school, 3. Going to school, 4. Lonely sometimes and proud, 5. Once a week.


C: Sharing Information -  Answers
1. Elderly people in Thailand often live alone. They feel lonely. At school they see their friends and have fun. 2. It is increasing, 3. They enjoy it, 4. It was school that helped her recover from the death of her husband, 5. Young people, who traditionally looked after older people, are going to cities for work, 6. The government.

D: Sequencing - Answers
Part 1
i. 4. exam at the age of 75, state radio in the 2. out of school in 1940 3. has passed his primary school 5. Central African country reported on Thursday. 1. A Cameroonian man who dropped
ii. a. In 1940 b. 75 years old


E: Questions - Answers

1. Cameroon, 2. 75 years old, 3. In 1940, 4. Primary school exam, 5. So he can get more respect from the village council., 6. Between the ages of four and six., 7. After about seven years of study., 8. The report (from the state radio in Cameroon) does not say.

F: Writing - Notes
As an alternative, students could work in pairs.
Make sure that students understand what they have to do. They need to know they have to add some words (articles and the given prepositions), change verb forms and add punctuation.
Some questions or language points may be raised by this activity. Students may try to write 'The children start school...' instead of 'Children start school...', forgetting that here we are talking about something in general. They will probably forget to insert the prepositions.
You may accept the verb form "The man has passed..." if your students are familiar with the idea of using the present perfect to give news of something.

F: Writing - Answers
The 75-year-old man comes from Cameroon. He dropped out of school in 1940. The man passed his primary school exam so that he can get more respect from the village council.
Children start school between the ages of four and six in Cameroon. They normally get a certificate after 7 years of study.

Post-Reading Activities

A: Language Focus - Notes
The second part of question 2 (saying why a verb is in a particular tense) may be too difficult for some students. If this is true for your class, do not do this part of the activity.

A: Language Focus - Answers

1. Past Simple:  dropped out of, reported, wanted, did not say, did not take, was
Present Simple: can, start, get, pass
Present Perfect: has passed
2. Past Simple: dropped out - a single action in the past ( 1940), reported -  a single action in the past, did not say - negative past simple - a single action in the past, did not take - negative past simple - a single action in the past, was - an action in the past

Present Simple: can - ability (modal), start - fact, get - fact, pass - fact
Present Perfect: has passed - an event that happened recently.


B: Discussion - Notes
This activity works well when you have different nationalities in one class. (It will not be effective if your students all come from the same country. If this is the case, you could try this variation: Ask students to think about their time at kindergarten, school, etc. and note on the timeline when they felt anything important happened to them e.g. "6 years old -- had a great teacher". Then pair them and ask them to explain their timeline to their partner.)

180509BACKeduf

English-To-Go teacher resources

© 1997-2018 English To Go Limited. All rights reserved. English-To-Go, english-to-go.com, Instant Lessons, Instant Workbook, Weekly Warmer, Anna Grammar and Max Vocab are the registered trade marks of English To Go Limited. Other trademarks are the sole property of their respective owners and are used with permission.

email: editor@english-to-go.com