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151210NAMEhumf

Elementary Instant Lesson™

By Any Other Name ...

Pre-Reading Activities


A: Understanding Words
Answer these questions.
1. Your surname is a name which you share with other members of your family. What is your surname?
2. Does your surname have a meaning? What is it?
3. Your given name (or first name) is a name that is special to you. Your family do not usually share that name. What is your given name? Do you have more than one given name?

Reading Activities

A: Choose The Best Answer
Read Part One of today's article. Choose the best answer.
1. What did Kaori Oguni do before she got married?
a. She planned her wedding.
b. She thought about her name.
c.
She worked very hard.

2. Which of these is true for Japan?
a. In Japan when you marry, you keep your surname and your spouse keeps his or her surname.
b. In Japan when you marry, you and your spouse must share the same surname.
c. In Japan when you marry, you can keep your surnames or share the same surname.

Part One:
Whose name? Argument over surnames in Japan

Thu Dec 10, (Reuters) - Tokyo, Most people are busy planning their wedding before they get married. But Kaori Oguni did not do this. She was busy thinking about losing her maiden name

Oguni is suing the Japanese government. Japan has a law that says spouses must have the same surname.
(Continued.../)
Article © 2015 Thomson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2016 www.english-to-go.com

Words: maiden name - the family name that women have before they get married, spouse - the person you marry

B: Understanding The Main Idea
Read Part Two. Choose the best answer in each sentence to make statements about Part Two.
1. Kaori Oguni wanted to ...take her husband's surname / keep her maiden name.
2. She is suing the government of Japan. / The government of Japan is suing her.
3. Japanese law says ...the wife must take her husband's surname. / the wife or the husband must have the same surname.

Part Two:

(Continued.../) Kaori Oguni is one of five people suing the government of Japan. Oguni says that when you lose your surname, people don't respect you. An 1896 law says spouses must have the same name when they register their marriage.

The law doesn't say who must change their name. However, 96% of women take their husband's name. Some people don't register their marriages so they can keep separate names.
(Continued.../)
Article © 2015 Thomson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2016 www.english-to-go.com

Words: sue - when you go to court because you are unhappy about something, register - put a name on a list

C: Comprehension
Read Part Two again. Answer these questions.
1. How many people are suing the Japanese government?
2. In what year did Japan make a law about surnames and marriage?
3. How do some people keep their names when they get married?



D: True Or False
Are these statements true (T) or false (F)?  Use Part Two to help you.
1. Oguni thinks it is important for her to keep the surname Oguni.

2. Japanese law says that spouses must have the same surname.

3. All wives in Japan lose their surnames and take their husbands' names.

4. Everyone in Japan registers their marriages.



E: Answering Yes or No
Here is Part Three of today's article. Answer these questions with yes or no.
1. Does everyone in Japan want to change the law about marriage and surnames?
2. Does Oguni think that men like changing their surnames when they get married?
3. Did a television show ask people about changing their surnames when they get married?
4. Did more than 50% of people think the law should change?

Part Three:

(Continued.../) Some people say this helps keep a family together, other people say it is time to change the law. "If changing surnames is so easy, why don't more men do it?" said Oguni.

A newspaper poll in November found 52% supported choosing and 34% saying the law should not change.
Article © 2015 Thomson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2016 www.english-to-go.com

 


Post-Reading Activities
You may do one or more of these.

A: Discussion
Work in small groups. Answer these questions.
1. What is the meaning of your given names?
2. Who gave you your given names?
3. What are your favorite names?

B: Reading And Thinking
Read this.

Japanese Supreme Court keeps Law

Wed Dec 16, (Reuters) - Japan's Supreme Court upheld a law that says spouses must use the same surname. 

The 19th century law says  spouses must have the same name when they register their marriage.
Article © 2015 Thomson Reuters Limited. Lesson © 2016 www.english-to-go.com
Words: upheld - say that something must continue

1. What did the Court decide?


TEACHERS' NOTES AND ANSWER KEY

Reading Activities

A: Choose The Best Answer - Answers
1. b, 2. b.

B: Understanding The Main Idea - Answers
1.Kaori Oguni wanted to...keep her maiden name.
2. She is suing the government of Japan.

3. Japanese law says...the wife or the husband must have the same surname.

C: Comprehension - Answers
1. 5, 2. 1896, 3. they don't register their marriages.

D: True Or False - Answers
1. T, 2. T, 3. F, 4. F.

E: Answering Yes or No - Answers
1. no, 2. no, 3. no, 4. yes.

151210NAMEhumf

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