Elementary - Pre-Intermediate Instant Lesson
Match the words with the pictures.
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
6. 7.8.sad; bird; relaxed; stressed; fish; angry; happy; cow
Work in small groups or pairs and discuss the questions below. Give examples where necessary.
1. Do you think big animals like cows can feel happy? sad? angry? relaxed? stressed? or depressed?
2. What about fish?
3. What about birds?
Match the words below with their meanings.
to research; to progress; to suffer; artificial; conditions; captivity; fish tank
1. A place where people keep living fish.
2. Not real or natural.
3. To become better or to move forward.
4. To feel sadness and / or pain.
5. To find information about something.
6. Things that affect the health and comfort of someone or something.
7. When an animal, fish or bird lives in a cage or tank.
A: Gap-Fill / Listening
1. In today's article there are some gaps. Fill in the gaps with the words below.
research; progress; artificial; captivity; fish tank; fish tanks;
2. Now listen to your teacher and check your answers.
B: Reading for General Understanding
Read the article again quickly and choose the best answer. Try to take no more than one minute.
1. tells you about Greece.
2. tells you about a professor at a university in Greece.
3. tells you that relaxed fish taste better.
Now read the article again and match the headings below with the correct paragraphs in the article. (Write the letter of the correct paragraph next to each heading.)
1. Greece exports a lot of fish. ___
2. Introduction. ___
3. The reason fish get stressed. ___
4. Different ways of relaxing fish. ___
Use the article to answer the questions.
1. What is a Greek university trying to get fish to do?
3. What happens to fish that are living under artificial lighting?
4. How long has Papoutsogiu been researching the best conditions for keeping fish in captivity?
5. What are some good conditions to keep fish in?
E: Word OrderWork with a partner. Put the words in these sentences in the correct order.
(Try not to look back at the article.)
1. It's a / cooked / waiting / and / stressful job, / fish tank / living in a / to be / . /
2. Greek / is making progress / relax / to / university / But / in getting / fish / a / . /
3. better / say / relaxed fish / Researchers / taste / . /
You may do one or more of these.
In today's article there were these words:
1. For the last ten years Papoutsogiu has been doing research on .....
2. He found that using different colors....
What verb tenses are used in 1 and 2 ?
Which verb form describes when something happened?
Which verb form describes how long something happened?
Note - We use the word 'for' to say how long something has been happening. We use it to talk about a period of time. e.g. for ten years; for five hours, for six months.
The second sentence tells us 'when' an action occurred, (i.e. sometime in the past), even though we do not know the exact time. ('Found' = past of 'find')
Look at the statements below and write questions using when and how long, then write the correct answers to the questions. (You may need to add some information of your own to complete the sentences.)
1. Papoutsogiu is doing research.
Question - When did he start doing research?
Answer - He started doing research in 1991.
Question - How long has he been doing research?
Answer - He's been doing research for the last ten years.
2. I'm cleaning the bathroom.
3. It's snowing.
4. Michael is studying engineering.
5. Christine is learning French.
Work with a partner and discuss the questions below.
1. Do you think fish can feel stress and depression?
2. Do you think the feelings of a fish can change how it tastes?
3. Do you eat fish? What sort of fish do you like? How do you like to cook it?
You own a seafood restaurant. Write and illustrate a newspaper advertisement for your restaurant's special, 'stress-free' fish. Explain why your fish dish is the best in town. Don't forget to include the price!
TEACHERS' NOTES AND ANSWER KEY
Please note: This lesson also has a set of linked online activities available from the Instant Workbook section of the www.English-to-go.com website.
A: Matching - Notes
Do the matching exercise quickly. Allow some time for the students to work in their groups or pairs. Circulate, helping out with vocabulary if necessary, then elicit the answers from the different groups.
A: Matching - Answers
1. fish tank
3. to progress
4. to suffer
5. to research
A: Gap-Fill / Listening - Notes
Students can also listen to the text online at www.instantworkbook.com.
2. After students have tried to do the gap-fill, give them a chance to check their answers by reading the text below at normal speed. Read it two or three times, depending on the level of your class.
A: Gap-Fill / Listening - Text to be Read Aloud to Students
A. It's a stressful job, living in a fish tank and waiting to be cooked. But a Greek university is making progress in getting fish to relax. According to research, relaxed fish taste better.
B. Fish that are living in fish tanks under artificial lighting often suffer stress and depression, Professor Sofronios Papoutsogiu from Athens' Geoponic University told Greek daily newspaper To Ethnos on Friday.
C. For the last ten years, Papoutsogiu has done research on keeping fish in captivity. He found that using different colors in the fish tank with different species of fish, improving the quality of their food and providing 'play' time in the tanks all help the fish to taste better.
D. Greece is the biggest farmer of Mediterranean fish, exporting over 60,000 tons of bream and bass.
A: Gap-Fill / Listening - Answers
1. fish tank 2. progress 3. artificial 4. research 5. captivity 6. fish tanks
B: Reading for General Understanding - Answer
C: Paragraphs - Answers
1. Greece exports a lot of fish - Paragraph D
2. Introduction - Paragraph A
3. The reason fish get stressed - Paragraph B
4. Different ways of relaxing fish - Paragraph C
D: Questions - Answers
1. Getting fish to relax.
2. Because relaxed fish taste better.
3. The fish often suffer stress and depression.
4. For 10 years.
5. Using different colors in the fish tank with different species of fish, improving the quality of their food and providing 'play' time in the tanks.
E: Word Order- Notes
This is a fairly challenging activity for students. They work in pairs to try and put the words in order.
E: Word Order - Answers
1. It's a stressful job, living in a fish tank and waiting to be cooked.
2. But a Greek university is making progress in getting fish to relax.
3. Researchers say relaxed fish taste better.
Post Reading ActivitiesA: Language - Notes
Students write questions and answers in the past simple and present perfect tenses. This activity does not call for students to distinguish between the present perfect simple or continuous. Check their answers for grammatical accuracy and meaning. (We can also add the word 'for' to the question: 'How long has..?' e.g. How long has it been snowing for?)
They can further practice with word order exercises online.
You can get a username and password for your students by clicking on the blue icon next to this lesson description at www.english-to-go.com.
A: Language - Sample Answers
Sentence 1 - present perfect
Sentence 2 - past simple
When ? goes with sentence 2 - past simple. Though the sentence doesn't say exactly when, we do know that it occurred in the past. Therefore, the answer to "When?" is "Sometime in the past."
How long ? goes with sentence 1 - present perfect (continuous)
2. When did you start cleaning the bathroom? I started cleaning the bathroom... (students complete with an appropriate time)
How long have you been cleaning the bathroom? I've been cleaning the bathroom for ... (students complete with an appropriate time)
3. When did it start snowing? It started snowing ...
How long has it been snowing? It's been snowing for ...
4. When did Michael start studying engineering? Michael / He started studying engineering ...
How long has Michael been studying engineering? / He's been studying engineering for ...
5. When did Christine start learning French? Christine / She started learning French...
How long has Christine been learning French? Christine / She has / She's been learning French for...